Knowledge and Information


Written by Sudarshan Pahari · 5 min read >

Nepal is home to many natural, historical, as well as religious sites. These sites are of their own values and significance. Moreover, they are the heritages that keep the history, culture and tradition of our Nepal alive. Find in this article the 10 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Nepal.

Swayambhunath Temple

Nepal is one of the oldest countries that lies in south-east Asia. In addition, its places are enchanted by the sage, saints, and blessed by every pilgrim. As it is an ancient country its heritage, structures and civilization is timeworn and have made it more fascinating. Looking at the architecture you possibly can’t even imagine, the architects of the past could design and construct such incredible art.

Before we begin…

Let’s dig a bit about what is UNESCO World Heritage

UNESCO stands for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. It is a specialized agency of the United Nations aimed at promoting world peace and security through international cooperation in education, the sciences, and culture. (Source: UNESCO)

UNESCO declares religious, natural, and historical sites as World Heritage to preserve and protect them.

The cultural heritage of the Kathmandu Valley represented by the seven groups of monuments and buildings. These monuments and buildings display the full range of historic and artistic achievements of the Kathmandu valley. All in all, the seven include the Durbar Squares of Hanuman Dhoka (Kathmandu), Patan and Bhaktapur, the Buddhist stupas of Swayambhu and Bauddhanath, and the Hindu temples of Pashupati and Changu Narayan.

All these seven sites were inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1979 A.D.


  • Pasupatinath Temple
  • Swayambhunath Stupa
  • Boudhanath Stupa
  • Kathmandu Durbar Square
  • Patan Durbar Square
  • Bhaktapur Durbar Square
  • Changu Narayan Temple
  • Lumbini
  • Chitwan National Park
  • Sagarmatha National Park

Pashupatinath Temple

Pashupatinath Temple is one of the holiest pilgrims for Hindu pilgrims all over the world. The temple is a two-storey artistic pagoda-style building. This site is the acquisition of temples, idols, inscriptions, and hermitages. The whole Pashupatinath area will make you feel divine and peaceful.

UNESCO inscribed Pashupatinath Temple as a World Heritage Site in 1979 A.D.

The Pashupatinath temple is located 6 kilometers north of Kathmandu Valley and at the bank of the river Bagmati. Furthermore, the site is also important for the last rituals (cremation ritual) of the Hindu culture.

Swayambunath Stupa

Swayambunath Stupa is believed to be 2500 years old. It is the oldest manmade construction among the others on the list. Moreover, the structure of the building represents four elements of life which are soil, water, fire, and air. Also, the spiral structure at the top indicates the path to paradise. It is a holy place for the Buddhist as well as Hindu people.

Swayambhunath Stupa was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979 A.D.

Swayambhunath Stupa

The monument is located at Bhagan Pau, Kathmandu. Also, the eyes of Swayambhunath are called the “Eyes of Peace”. The locals also call it as “Monkey Temple” as there are many monkeys that roam around the Swayambhunath area.

Baudhanath Stupa

Baudhanath Stupa is the first one to have a place in the list of UNESCO world heritage sites of Nepal. The design and structure of Baudhanath Stupa are similar to Swambunath Stupa. The artistic design looks like a large Mandala from aerial view. The physical Mandala was built in 5th century A.D. The structure is as ancient and astonishing as it looks.

Baudhanath Stupa was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list in 1979 A.D.

It is located in Buddha Stupa, Boudhanath Sadak, Kathmandu. The Boudha Mandala resembles the significance of art and religion.

“If you get a chance to visit Nepal, prepare an itinerary to visit these World Heritage Sites once.”

Patan Durbar Square

The Patan Durbar Square was established in the 3rd century. It is the finest example of Newari craftsmanship. Many Hindu and Buddhist artistry and temples surround the Patan Durbar Square. Also, Patan Durbar Square embeds the enormous layout of the breathtaking Taleju Bhawani temple. Further, if you are lucky you will get to observe the Living Goddess (Kumari) of Nepal.

UNESCO declared Patan Durbar Square as a World Heritage Site in 1979 AD.

Patan Durbar Square

The Durbar Square area is located at Patan, Lalitpur (around 10 kms from Kathmandu). Also, if you are lucky you will get to observe the Living Goddess (Kumari) of Nepal.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square

Bhaktapur Durbar Square is the oldest among all Durbar Squares in Nepal. Locals also call it Bhadgaun Durbar Square. It is the acquisition of four other squares (Durbar Square, Taumadhi Square, Dattatreya Square, and Pottery Square). Moreover, all the constructions inside the square are venerable, stunning, and unbelievable.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square was declared as a World Heritage by UNESCO in 1979 A.D.

It is located at Bhaktapur which is 13 kilometers east of Kathmandu Valley. Undoubtedly, the beauty and the ancient touch of the Durbar Square’s design will make you feel amazing and stunned at the same time.

Kathmandu Durbar Square (Hanuman Dhoka)

The Kathmandu Durbar Square is located at the center of Kathmandu Valley. Moreover, the locals also call it Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square. It is believed that the name “Hanuman Dhoka” was put on as the statue of Deity Hanuman is built in the front door of the Palace. Also, there are many temples in the Durbar area, that represent different Hindu gods and goddesses.

UNESCO enlisted Kathmandu Durbar Square as a World Heritage Site in 1979 A.D.

Kathmandu Durbar Square (Hanuman Dhoka)

Definitely, visiting the place will let you witness the amazing experience of seeing the guards at the door. These guards at the entrance of the Durbar, wear the traditional attire of the Royal Gorkhali Soldiers.

” You can visit 7 of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites on the same day in Kathmandu! “

Changu Narayan Temple

The ancient temple, Changu Narayan is located at the top of Changu Hill. The locals also call it as Dolagiri Hill. There are champak tree forest and a small village, Changu around the Changu Narayan area. The shrine is special for the devotees of Lord Vishnu. Also, it is a special pilgrimage for the Hindu people.

Changu Narayan Temple

The Changu Narayan temple is located about 12 kilometers east of Kathmandu. Moreover, the temple resembles both religious as well as ancient artistic significance.

Click here to read about the Top Lake Trekking Destinations in Nepal


Lumbini is the birthplace of Buddha, where Buddha was born in 623 B.C. Also, Lumbini is one of the holiest places for Buddhist pilgrims who are eager to experience the pivotal life of Lord Buddha. Lumbini has a number of ancient temples including the Maya Devi Temple and various new temples. The Mayadevi temple has some archaeological importance as well. Also, there are some ancient stone inscriptions and Ashoka Pillar in the Maya Devi Temple.

UNESCO enlisted Lumbini as a World Heritage Site in 1997 A.D.

Maya Devi Temple, Lumbini

In fact, the Lumbini area is now a government-level project known as Lumbini Master Plan. Inside the Masterplan area, there are old as well as new temples and monuments. Moreover, there are many new temples funded by different countries as a resemblance of global Buddhism belief.

Chitwan National Park

The Chitwan National park is the first national park in Nepal. It was established in 1973 in the Inner Terai lowlands of South-Central Nepal. The park covers an area of 952.63 km2. The park covers four districts of Nepal; Nawalparasi, Chitwan, Parsa, and Makwanpur. The coherent protected area represents the tiger conservation unit, which covers a huge block of alluvial grasslands and subtropical moist deciduous forests.

UNESCO declared Chitwan National Park as a World Heritage Site 1984 A.D.

Chitwan National Park

The Chitwan National Park is home to elephants, Bengal tigers, deer, musk, stags, gharials, crocodiles, leopards, and many more wild animals. You can also see the very rare species, One-Horned Rhinoceros in the national park. There are also huge species of flora and fauna in the park. Moreover, the park is also best for bird watching as you can see kingfishers, flycatchers, and many more.

Sagarmatha National Park

Sagarmatha National Park was founded in 1976 AD. Moreover, in 1979 AD, it became Nepal’s first national park as a natural world heritage site. The Sagarmatha National Park is located in the Solukhumbu district. The park covers an area of 1148 km2. Furthermore, the park contains the upper catchment areas of the Dudhkoshi river, Bhote Koshi river basin, and the Gokyo lake.

UNESCO enlisted Sagarmatha National Park as a World Heritage in 1979 AD.

Click here to read about the Top Mountain Trekking Destinations in Nepal

The national park has rugged terrain and gorges of the high Himalayas. The park undertakes in its territory, the highest mountain in the world, Mt.Everest, Sagarmatha. Moreover, there are other peaks above 6,000 m in the park territory like; Lhotse, Cho Oyu, Thamserku, Nuptse, Amadablam, and Pumori.

On the End Note…

This was the list of the 10 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Nepal.

In instance, all these sites are protected and conserved as they depict a history of civilization behind them. Unfortunately, the massive earthquake of 2015 AD hampered many of these structures rich in ancient history and culture. At present, Nepalese people are uprising and tending to build those structures again in the traditional way.

Lastly, a visit to any of these world heritage site is not just a soothe to the eyes but also knowledgeable for everyone.