Paint protects the building from corrosion and also improves the aesthetic appeal. Thus, we need to choose the right paints for our buildings. We use different types of paints in Nepal. Today, in this article you will get to know the different types of paint in Nepal. Moreover, you will also get to know their uses.
Before We Begin
Since painting enhances the appearance of the buildings, it is one of the common elements of renovation projects. Moreover, paints have other benefits too, these are:
|Protects surfaces from insects, rain, solar radiation||Well painted surfaces are easier to keep clean and safe|
|Waterproofs the entire building||Increases the visual appeal of a surface|
|Increases surface durability||Protects Surfaces from corrosion, rust, and other external factors|
These are the benefits of painting the building. Now let’s talk about the types of paints in Nepal.
Types of Paints in Nepal
We need to Know the performance features of each type of paint to select the best product for each application. Moreover, we also need to consider the physical properties of the paint, before selecting the type of paint for a specific application. A good paint will offer the following advantages:
|Forms a thin film without cracking||Easy application|
|Reasonable drying period||Performance should not be affected by the weather|
|Not harmful for users||Forms a hard and durable coating|
There are different types of paint available in the market. The paint types differ on the basis of their application. Without delay, now let’s move on to the list below.
First, let’s talk about oil paint. Oil paints use white lead as a base. We apply oil paints in three coats: primer, undercoat, and finish coat. Oil paints have matt and glossy finishes. Moreover, they are affordable and durable. In addition, They have benefits like ease of application, and painted surfaces are easy to clean.
We can use Oil paint commonly for walls, doors, windows, and metal structures. Usually, oil paint is not suitable for humid conditions. Moreover, it takes time to dry completely. Also, we need to add linseed oil and pigments before applying oil paints.
Enamel paint is produced by adding lead or zinc to varnish. Moreover, Pigments are added to achieve a wide variety of colors. Enamel paints form hard and glossy coatings. Thus, these paints are easy to clean. In addition, Enamel paints have benefits like being waterproof and chemically resistant, offering better coverage and color retention. The following are some common uses of enamel paint:
|Interior and exterior walls||Stairs|
|Wood trims, doors, and flooring||Surfaces like wicker, masonry, and concrete|
|Useful for plaster, glass, and metal surfaces||Windows|
While talking about the limitations of enamel paint, they dry slowly and require a titanium coating before application.
Another type of paint we have on our list is Emulsion paints. Emulsion Paints, use polyvinyl acetate and polystyrene as the binding materials. Moreover, they contain driers like cobalt and manganese. Emulsion paints can be water or oil-based and using pigments gives the desired color.
Emulsion paints have benefits such as fast drying and hardening. In addition, Emulsion paint surfaces are easy to clean with water. When we apply, Emulsion paint offers durability, good color retention, and alkali resistance. We use Emulsion paints for interior walls, ceilings, and masonry work. Furthermore, we can also use some specialized types of emulsion paint woodwork.
Cement paint is available in powder form. You can mix Cement paint with water to achieve paint consistency. The base material is white or colored cement, and may also contain pigments, accelerators, and other additives. Cement paint is durable and waterproof.
Besides, we can use cement paint on rough internal and external surfaces as well. We need to consider that cement paint has a long drying time, typically 24 hours. Cement paints must also be applied in two coats to prevent dampness issues.
Bituminous paint is made from dissolved asphalt or tar. Thus Bituminous paint has a black color. However, It is waterproof and alkali-resistant. But not suitable for applications where it will be exposed to the sun, since it deteriorates
We can use this paint in underwater ironworks, concrete foundations, wooden surfaces, and iron pipes. Moreover, It also has rust-resistant properties when we apply it in metals.
Another type of painting is Aluminum paint. It is produced by mixing aluminum particles with oil varnish. Aluminum paint is resistant to corrosion, electrical, and weather exposure. We use Aluminum paints commonly of metals and wood. Furthermore, some specific applications are gas tanks, oil tanks, water pipes, and radiators.
Synthetic Rubber Paint
Synthetic Rubber paint is made from dissolved synthetic resins and may include pigments. This type of paint has a moderate cost. Its main benefits are chemical resistant, fast-drying, and weather resistance. We can use it for concrete surfaces in general, and this includes fresh concrete.
Specific uses of synthetic rubber paint include waterproofing decks, roof tiles, and gutters, lining swimming pools, fish ponds, and wooden or concrete water tanks. Moreover, we can also use these paints for protecting mounting brackets, clutch and brake levers, metal studs, rocker panels and plastic fenders, and re-coating tool handles
Cellulose paint is produced from celluloid sheets, Amyl acetate, and photographic films. Moreover, adding castor oil improves adhesion. Furthermore, surfaces can be easily cleaned and washed once the paint has dried.
Cellulose paint has benefits such as quick-drying, a smooth finish, and hardness. Moreover, it offers resistance to water, smoke, and acids. It is commonly used in cars and airplanes. The main limitation of cellulose paint is its high price.
We have another type of paint on our list that is Plastic paint. Plastic paint uses water as a thinner, and it is available in a wide range of colors. This Paint dries very quickly and offers high coverage. We can use Plastic paints on the walls and ceilings of auditoriums, showrooms, display rooms, etc. Moreover, Plastic paints are commonly used in Slabs and Decks.
Distemper paint is perhaps one of the most economical types of painting. The major constituents of distemper are chalk, lime, water, and some coloring agents. It is water-based paint. Distemper paint is an early form of whitewash. As decorative paint, Distemper paint is easily marked and cannot get wet. We use Distemper commonly for painting walls and other types of house decoration. Because it’s not waterproof, we use it mostly on interior surfaces.
Another type of paint in Nepal is Silicate paint. Silicate paint is produced from a mixture of silica and resinous substances. This paint has performance benefits such as good adhesion, hardness, and heat resistance. Moreover, silicate paints are chemically nonreactive with metals. Therefore, we use this type of paint in metal structures.
Casein paint is made from casein mixed with white pigments. This paint is available in powder and paste form, and we can add pigments as well. We can use this paint to paint walls, ceilings, and wood.
In the End
As these are the types of paints in Nepal. These paints differ as they have their specific application. A quality paint in construction provides visual appeal, surface durability, chemical protection, and pest protection. Moreover, adequate paint selection can reduce project costs while improving performance.
Thank you for the reading. I hope after reading this article, you got to know all about the types of paint in Nepal. If you find this article, helpful, please like and share this article. Stay safe