Hello Readers, we are with a new blog for you about the traditional farming technologies in Nepal that have been in practice from ancient times to till now. Hope you find this article beneficial.
Nepal is a fully agricultural country. Traditional agriculture is an ancient food production system that we had practiced for thousands of years. It is not only the world’s oldest farming system, but it is also the primary source of information on improving farming technologies such as normal, modern, and organic farming, as well as promoting genetic variety.
Traditional farming is a primitive type of food production and farming that heavily relies on indigenous knowledge, land use, traditional equipment, natural resources, organic fertilizer, and farmers’ cultural beliefs. Half of the world’s population still uses it as their primary source of food and production.
As we know, in the beginning, everything starts with the traditional method, there is no means of modern equipment and slowly as developers of modern science and technologies, it is replaced by modern technologies. Before the 19th-century farmers used to use handmade equipment for farming purposes. We can see the different types of farming equipment used for farming purposes as listed below:
- Chuche Kutto
In Nepal, for farming, we can take Kutto as a regularly used tool from the ancient period of times. Most of the farmers use Kutto in their gardens, or ‘Karesa Bari,’ simply, we know it as a space used to cultivate vegetables close to your home.
Kutto is relatively smaller than other digging tools. So, it is easy to use. After you dig for the seed planting, we use it for digging in the ground.
Kodalo is a more powerful version of Kutto. If you had to give it a name, call it Kutto’s Brother. Kodali is relatively larger than Kutto so we can use it. We use it for the cultivation of the barren ground.
Kodali is a more streamlined application. The Kodali, unlike the Kodalo, has a wide base, which makes digging easier and more efficient because it removes large chunks of soil from the surface.
‘Hariyo Danda Mathi Halo Jotne Saathi’ is a song by Hariyo Danda Mathi. Have you heard this song before? If so, does it ring the bell and transport you to a peaceful country setting? In Nepal, the halo is a well-known traditional farming implement. ‘Halo Jotni’ is simply the act of digging, known in Nepali. We can perform Halo by placing the halo on the top neck of an ox, who subsequently drives the halo under the instruction of the ‘Hali’.
Chande is a cross between Kodali and Kodalo. It has the same length as Kodalo and the same digging tool design attached to the handle as Kodali. If you’re not sure if you want to use Kodali, which requires you to bend your back to work, try Chande, also known as Bausho.
The Khanti is a narrow rod-like device with sharp edges which is used to make a hole on the ground. Mostly if you are building a hut or giving support to creeper plants by fixing poles on the ground, you need Khanti to dig deep on the ground.
7. Chuche Kutto
We use Chuche Kutto in the garden to dig out weeds and remove them. We can use the Chuche Kutto in the replacement of the Kutto.
People mostly used Doko for the carrying goods purpose. It is a large bamboo-woven basket that Namlo uses to transport goods. In ancient Nepal, we use it to take the victims to the health post.
A namlo is a strap held with a rope that is used to carry goods. Especially, in Nepa, namlo is used to carry goods with a namlo held on the forehead.
After harvesting grains or food crops such as rice, wheat, and the like, they are sun-dried, a process known as ‘Biskun Sukauni,’ which removes the moisture from the grains. Khui is used to scatter the seeds on the ground to aid in this process. Because the harvest is distributed to everybody during the day and pilled at night, Khui is critical to making your job easier, more effective, and less time-consuming.
There you have it, a list of Nepal’s traditional agricultural tools. We hope that learning about and reading about these tools has informed you or, in some cases, brought back memories.