Nepal is rich in culture, values, and tradition. Culture and traditions have a huge significance in the history of Nepal. Nepal is a multi-ethnic, multi-religious, multilingual, and multi-religious country. Although there are diverse cultures, religions, and languages, there is unity among them. These all castes have their dances. Today in this article we will discuss the traditional and cultural Dances in Nepal.
Before We Begin
Nepal is a common garden of 4 castes and 36 sub-castes. Thus, we can see many types of traditional and cultural Dances in Nepal. Nepali cultural dances are very important in life, culture, and traditions. Along with that, these dances are also a good source of entertainment and an effective refresher. Without delay, let us move on to the list of Traditional and Cultural Dances in Nepal.
Here is the List of Traditional and Cultural Dances in Nepal
Dance is moving the feet and body rhythmically to music and following a set sequence of steps. Traditional Music and dance go together with traditional musical instruments. Generally, we can classify Nepali dance into two types that are classical dances and folk dances.
Classical Dances: It goes with the ancient classic.
Folk Dances: These dances goes with folk songs and music.
Here below are the different types of classical and folk, Traditional and Cultural Dances in Nepal.
The first one we have on our list is Ghatu Nritya. It is performed among the Gurung community in the Gandaki zone. The unmarried girls from 11 to 19 years old, perform this dance. These girls are called Gharuli. They wear Chitko Guniu, Patuka, Ghalek. Moreover, they decorate their hair, wearing colorful clothes. The old ladies and men sing for this dance.
Sorathi Nritya Traditional Dance in Nepal
This dance belongs to Western Nepal’s Gurung community of Nepal. It is performed for more than 15 days between the Tihar and Dashain festivals. It retells the story about a king Jay sing having 14 wives, but didn’t have any children. At last, the youngest 15th queen bore a daughter. But because of jealousy, other wives threw the little princess into a river.
Some say that King Jay Singh had sixteen wives whereas some say, he had had only seven. However, a daughter was born to
Queen Hemaiti. Then, she was saved up by a fisherman. In the end, there was an ending with the mother and daughter and punishment for the guilty ones.
Maruni Nritya Traditional Dance in Nepal
Another traditional dance in Nepal is Maruni Nritya. It is a dance belonging to Western and Eastern Nepal, Sikkim and Darjeeling respectively. Dance performers wear colorful clothes, sparkling ornaments, and nose rings. Along with that ‘Dhatu Waray’ a clown meaning liar, accompanies these dancers as a comedian.
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Devi Nirtya is a classical dance continuing from Gaijatra to Indrajatra in Kathmandu. This dance has eight main masked characters: Bhairav, Mahakali, Barahi, Kaumari, Ganesh, Maheswori, Bramhayani, and Indrayani with skeletons (Kawa), demons, betah, dog, and khyah.
Hanuman Nritya Traditional Dance in Nepal
In this dance, people act as Hanuman god who was the devotee of God Ram. It is popular in Syangja, Baglung, and other districts in this region. Youth between 16 to 40 years of age took part in the dance, especially the Newar community.
The next dance on our list is Deuda Naach. It is popular in the Mid-west and far Western Nepal. In this dance, performers are in a circular position by touching shoulders among others. Along with that they sing the song and step their legs back and forth according to the song.
Tharu Dance is a dance performed in the Terai regions of Nepal. This dance is performed in the different festivals and rituals, especially by the Tharu community in Nepal. Moreover, it has also become one of the sources of income for the performers, as tourist enjoys it. Because it is entertaining to watch.
Dhan Nach Traditional Dance in Nepal
Dhan Nach is a traditional dance of the Limbus, living in Eastern Nepal. Dance performers sing Palam while dancing. This dance resembles the history and the mythical aspects of the Limbus community. Moreover, it also tells the glorious history to the upcoming generations.
Another traditional dance is Chandi Naach. It is a traditional dance of the Rai community worshiping Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. This dance is done to pray to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati for success, peace, and good crops.
Mayur Nanch, or Peacock Dance, is popular, especially in the Rolpa and Rukum. In this dance, a group of 12 people carries a feather of the peacock on their back. Here, a man and a woman need to have a pair.
Lakhey Traditional Dance in Nepal
The next one is Lakhey Dance. It is one of the most popular dances of the Newari community. As per history, Lakhey is believed to be a devil who always keeps his place secure by chasing away other devils.
Manjushree is a dance from Mahachin. The Kathmandu valley was supposed to be a lake before. Mahacin is a place from where Bodhisattva made Kathmandu Valley inhabitable by draining water out of it. Manjushree came to Kathmandu with his 2 consorts Barada & Mokshada, to pay homage to Lord Swoyambhu.
Bajrayogini is one of the popular traditional dances in Nepal. She is the goddess of yogic dancing joyfully in the bright red color. While Bajrayogini is Haryka’s consort. And personifies the feminine energy. The Goddess Bajrayogini Temple is located in the village of Sankhu.
Pancha Buddha Traditional Dance in Nepal
Now let’s talk about the Pancha Buddha dance or Five Buddhas. These five Buddhas show five different qualities of Shakyamuni Buddha. They are Amoghasiddhi, Amitabha Buddhas, Ratnasambhava, Akshobhya, and Vairochana.
Rakta Ganesh is one of the famous charya dances in Nepal. Usually, we can see the image of Rakta Ganesh at the entrance to monasteries along with Mahakala as a protective god. The god, Rakta Ganesh is elephant-headed and has 3 eyes.
The next popular dance in Nepal is Arya Tara. Arya Tara is a goddess who is in green color. She is regarded as an Amoghasiddhi’s wife. As per historical sayings. Arya Tara protected the suffering beings crossing the Samsara’s ocean.
These are the traditional and cultural Dances in Nepal.
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