Poultry farming is the process of raising birds domestically such as chickens, ducks, turkeys, and geese to produce meat or eggs for food. Profit and Production in a short period attract people to poultry farming. One of the booming businesses in the agriculture sector is animal husbandry. And, poultry farming could be the best idea for animal husbandry. Here, in this article, we are talking about poultry farming in Nepal.
Before We Begin
Poultry has originated from the agricultural era. Poultry, primarily chickens, is raised in large quantities. Every year, more than 60 billion chickens are slaughtered for human consumption. Layers are birds raised for eggs, whereas broilers are chickens raised for meat. Poultry farming is an integral part of agriculture in Nepal. Thus, Poultry Farming in Nepal is one of the popular business ideas in Nepal.
Why Start Poultry Farming in Nepal?
Many people wonder why they should start raising poultry instead of other livestock and quail. So, that’s what we’re going to talk about here. First and foremost, birds are smaller than any other livestock animals or birds. As a result, they occupy less space and consume less food. Reduce the expense of those factors.
Poultry farming requires less time for productivity. Along with that, their eggs and meats are said to be tastier and more nutritious as well. As a result of its inexpensive initial and ongoing costs, poultry farming gaining popularity. So, why not?
How to Start Poultry Farming in Nepal?
You must follow the steps outlined below before starting a chicken farming business in Nepal.
|Learn about chicken farming at your local poultry farm.|
|Determine which chicken items to concentrate on and where your poultry farm will be located.|
|Set up a chicken coop for the birds.|
|Equipment for the poultry farm should be purchased.|
|Purchase starting chicks from a reputable source.|
|Workers in the poultry industry|
|Make sure the chicks are well fed.|
|Keep a proper poultry health management program in place.|
|Your poultry crops should be marketed and sold.|
To begin, decide on the type of chicken farm you want to run. If you wish to produce eggs economically, you can raise broiler birds for meat production and layers for egg production.
You might also build a poultry farm to sell poultry goods and breeding stock to local clients directly. Determine your production goals, choose appropriate chicken breeds for your needs, and begin the detailed planning process.
Set Farm Location
You should choose a location that has all of the basic accessories and is suitable for your business.
It may be a short distance from the town, where land and labor are relatively inexpensive. However, don’t place the farm too far away from the town. Because the majority of communities have dense populations, you must target that market.
Also, because chicken farms have an unpleasant odor, try to avoid establishing the farm in residential areas.
After deciding on a farm location, build a good home for your birds. Ensure that the new house has all of the basic accessories. You can choose from three different types of poultry house systems.
The terms “extensive,” “semi-intensive,” and “intense” are used equally. The intensive system is the most practical for commercial manufacturing. You can raise your birds in a cage system or on the floor. If you want to raise 200 layers, you’ll need approximately 800 square feet of area.
Required Equipment for Poultry Farming
For your chicken farm, you’ll need to buy certain equipment. The following is a list of necessary equipment for successfully running a chicken farm.
Feeders, Waterers, Nests, Cages, Coops, Crates, Incubator, Tray for eggs, Instruments for lighting, Perches, Heaters or brooders, System of ventilation, System for removing waste and other.
Purchase quality chicks from a reputable breeder in your area and begin caring for them after you’ve set everything up and have everything ready. Before the chicks from the breeding house arrive at your farm, get the brooder ready.
It’s best to start with day-old chicks rather than older chicks if you’re a newbie. Keep the number of chicks to a bare minimum if you are a complete novice with no prior experience (anyhow not more than 500).
The most crucial aspect of the chicken farming operation is feeding. After you’ve built your house and bought your equipment and chicks, you’ll need to spend a lot of money on feeding your birds.
The feeding will account for roughly 70% of the entire project costs. Quality and enough nourishment are also important for corporate success. You can either buy the feed materials from the market and make the feed yourself, or you can buy ready-made chicken feeds.
As previously said, you must guarantee that your location has a proper medication system. Poultry birds are susceptible to a variety of ailments, and you must be prepared to manage them.
Because we all know that “prevention is better than cure,” you must be vigilant and take proper care of your birds to keep them safe. Vaccinate them as soon as possible, and make every effort to provide them with fresh water and food. Also, keep some vaccines and medications on hand in case they’re needed.
Capital and Marketing
All businesses require capital. So, Poultry farming requires too. You can either arrange the funds on your own or seek a bank loan. Starting a poultry farming business is possible with both government and non-government bank funding.
In the lending process, you should contact your preferred bank. As a newbie, you should start with the smallest number of birds possible, as this will save you money. The total budget may vary according to the number of chickens you will be raising on your farm.
Marketing techniques have an impact on your company’s profit. If you can easily sell your products in the market, it will inspire you to increase your output.
Before establishing any farming business, it’s always a good idea to find out what marketing options are available in your area. Because if you can’t sell your things properly, your firm won’t be very profitable.
This is all about poultry farming in Nepal. This business can be one of the top beginning business ideas for you if you have a good market for Poultry meat and eggs.
Thank you for taking the time to read this. Please like and share this article if you found it helpful. Keep yourself safe.