Pig farming is still in development in Nepal. Nepal doesn’t have an overly rich tradition when it comes to pork consumption. And only a limited number of ethnic communities consume Pig. But, these days the market of pigs is slowly doing better. And, Pig farming in Nepal is also increasing every year as well. Thus, here in this article, we are with the information you will need to know before starting pig farming in Nepal.
To Begin With
The pig is mostly rear for pork. Pork is considered red meat and is like for its lighter, milder flavor. It can be eaten fresh cooked or preserved using curing methods like burning.
Pig Farming in Nepal is growing. The different advantages of pig farming are attracting farmers towards pig farming. As pig has a high multiplication rate, thus it multiplies fast. A single sow can give birth to 8 to 18 piglets at a time.
Pigs have a short gestation (pregnancy) of four months, and sows can farrow up to twice a year. This indicates that in a single year, a sow can produce up to 16–36 piglets.
While, Because of their incredibly high feed-to-meat conversion ratios, pigs reach market size quickly. Pigs, on the other hand, generate more flesh (meat) per kilogram of food consumed than cattle, goats, and sheep. Except for broiler hens, they have this advantage over any other class of meat-producing animals.
Along with that, Pigs can eat a broad variety of foods. They can consume everything such as grass, forage, and feed consumed by other animals. Likewise, Pigs are also disease resistant they rarely get sick and adapt well to a variety of situations. Therefore, we see many farmers in Pig farming these days. So, now without delay, let us talk about what we need to know before pig farming in Nepal.
Housing for Pig
1. Selection of Location
Pig Housing (Pen) is basically of three types, that are Wooden Poels, Wooden/Stone Slates/Bricks, and Cement floor. Here are the things you need to remember before selecting of location for the Pig-Pen.
|The location should be high enough so that rainwater does not flood the area.|
|Away from the houses (around 8-10 meters away downwind).|
|In the case of a large-scale pig farmer, the chosen location must also be: adequately connected to roadways all year,|
|Connected to reliable water and electrical supplies, and suitable for manure disposal.|
|The location should be shaded by the sun (by trees) and have plenty of fresh air.|
2. Plan of Construction
The following are the key factors to remember regarding the pig house (Pen):
|House’s floor must be 3 by 3 meters.|
|The roof must be watertight.|
|House’s floor must be raised roughly 60 cm above the ground level.|
|There should be a 2 cm gap between the floorboards.|
|The high side of the roof should face in such a way that some sunlight can enter the home from this site; however, there must always be shaded in some portion of the house.|
|The structure of the house must be sturdy.|
Using locally accessible materials, a pigsty can be built for a low cost. It must be built by climatic circumstances as well as the pig production system.
|The pigsty should be pleasant to them, with plenty of ventilation and shade, no overheating, no odors, no draft, and no moisture.|
|The building should be built with its long axis-oriented East-West (protected from sun and rain).|
|For each phase of the production cycle, the pig building must be divided into different pens. The number and size of pens are determined by the anticipated number of pigs in each production phase.|
|The pigsty construction expenses should correspond to the pig production techniques. To do this, efficient pig production is essential.|
3. Space Required for Different Pig’s Categories
|Pig’s Category||Space required (Average)|
|Fattening pig||Per pig 0.5 – 1.0 sqm|
|Pregnant sows||Per sow 1.5 – 2.0 sqm|
|Lactating sows||Per sow 4 – 6 sqm|
|Weaner piglets||Per piglet 0.3 – 0.5 sqm|
|Breeding boars||Per boar 6 – 8 sqm|
Feeding for Pig
A pig can eat most things, be it plant or meat as they are omnivores. And though the meat may provide necessary nutrients it may be better to avoid giving them meat.
Meat, especially raw meats can harm pigs. As raw meat might contain viruses that might cause diseases in pigs. Plus the pigs are scavengers and will eat raw meat if given. So it should be made sure that the feed given to it does not contain any raw meat.
Grains, fruits, and vegetables should be given to them. They can eat leftover human food as well making them
For an average pig feed of 4–8 kg is needed per day. While a breeding pig requires 2 -2.5 kg concentrate per 100kg according to age, condition, and breeding demand.
For the piglet, the milk of their mother is the best starter food. But in case the mother doesn’t produce milk or is no longer available (as in dead). Cow milk may be used as a substitution. Buttermilk and silk milk may also be used.
Each pigling can consume about 300-500 ml of milk per day. To get, the healthier pigling they should be fed 5–6 times per day for the first weeks and reduced to 2-3 times a day afterward.
A pig of 8 weeks should drink about 3 L of water while 28 can drink bout 8 L of water. The lactating sow should be given from 25 L to 30 L of water. A fully grown boar can drink 20 L of water.
Expected weight of the Pig at Certain Age
As they are reared for the food we have to look out for their weight to see if they are healthy and if they are up to standard in case they are to be butchered.
|Age (weeks)||Weight (Kg)|
Starting Cost or Capital for Pig Farming in Nepal
Before beginning the table it needs to be stated that the value below is an estimation and can change according to the place where you live in.
|Pig||NRS 3000||50 pigs||NRS 150000|
|Feed||NRS 1300/50kg bag||4 bags||NRS 52000|
|Human labor||NRS 15000/ person||3||Nrs 45000 (per Month)|
By looking above table, we can assume that the average cost of starting a pig farming of 50 pigs is NRs 35,00,000 to 40,00,000.
A 150 kg pig can give you about 100 kg of meat. And pig meat can cost up to NRS 500 per kg. Making each pig’s selling price be nearly NRS 50,000.
This is all about pig farming in Nepal.
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