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Ongoing Mega Projects in Nepal

Written by Roshan Bhattarai · 4 min read >

Hello readers, hope you are doing well. Nepal is a developing country. Thus, various projects are going on in Nepal. Under these projects, some of the mega projects are the pride of Nepal. Today, in this article we are talking about some ongoing mega projects in Nepal.

Image Source: Engineers

Before We Begin

Nation carries development projects in the development of the nation. These projects can be at the central level or local level. As local level government carries development projects in the development of local level. While the national-level or central-level development projects are for the development of the whole nation.

These nation-level development projects require more resources. Moreover, nation-level projects are megaprojects and are the pride of the nation. In Nepal, we can see various projects going on in development. Today, we are going to know about some of the ongoing mega projects in Nepal. Now let’s move on to the list.

Here is the list of ongoing mega projects in Nepal

Mega projects are those projects that require more resources, time, and investment to calculate. Moreover, mega projects have a relationship with the pride of the nation. In addition, these mega projects when completed uplift the economy of the country. So now, without delay, let us know about the ongoing mega projects in Nepal.

Kathmandu-Terai Expressway

Ongoing Mega Projects in Nepal
Image Source: Nepal Army

First, let’s talk about Kathmandu-Terai Expressway or Fast Track. It is one of the ongoing mega highway projects in Nepal. The Nepal government gave the responsibility of construction management to Nepal Army. The 76.4 KM mega highway project will connect Nijgadh of Bara to Kathmandu. 

Nijgadh International Airport

Ongoing Mega Projects in Nepal
Image Source: Kathmandu

Another mega project in Nepal is Nijgadh International Airport. Its location is Nijgadh, Bara. According to Investment Board Nepal, Nijgadh airport’s total cost will be 903 million USD (1st phase) + 2.55 billion USD (2nd phase). The Modality of the airport is built, own, operate, and transfer (BOOT).
It is one of the national priority projects.

The airport will have four international terminals with 15 Maximum pax capacities. Each is planned for an ultimate capacity of 60 Maximum pax. Moreover, it will have two parallel runways (each 3600 m long & 45 m wide). And Will accommodate “F” class aircraft.

Melamchi Water Supply Project

Ongoing Mega Projects in Nepal
Image Source: Rising Nepal

The much-awaited mega drinking water project is considered to be the most viable long-term project. It will ease the chronic water shortage that exists within the Kathmandu Valley. This mega project is designed to divert about 170 MLD of freshwater to Kathmandu Valley from the Melamchi River in the Sindhupalchowk district. Moreover, augmenting this supply, adding about a further 170 MLD each from the Yangri and Larke rivers, is also being investigated as future supply sources.

Gautam Buddha International Airport (GBIA)

Image Source: Myrepublica

GBIA was scheduled to be completed by the end of 2021. However, the project officials are seeking yet another deadline in early 2022 to complete the project. This international airport is expected to serve 760,000 passengers annually by 2030, including 280,000 visitors to Lumbini.

The completion of this airport enables airlines to establish direct air services from countries like India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Myanmar, immediately. Moreover, in the medium-term air services will be established from China, South Korea, and Japan. 

Pokhara Regional International Airport

Image Source: Myrepublica

Another ongoing mega project in Nepal is the Pokhara Regional International Airport. This airport, which has drawn appreciation for the faster progress in the construction is likely to be completed within the early next year.

However, it was planned to complete on 10 July 2021. But, the Covid pandemic slowed down the construction. If everything goes right flight operations will begin in early 2022. The international airport has 45 meters wide and 2,500 meters long runway. It can operate aircraft as big as a Boeing 757.

Works had started after agreements between Nepal’s Ministry of Finance and China’s Export-Import (EXIM) Bank for loans. Moreover, for construction, there was an agreement between the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal and the Chinese company CMMC Engineering.

Upper Karnali Hydropower Project

The Government of Nepal awarded the project to GMR Upper Karnali Hydro Power Limited (GUKHL). GUKHL is a subsidiary of GMR Group India, under a Memorandum of Understanding signed in January 2008.

The project will supply power to Nepal, India, and Bangladesh for a contracted period of 25 years. This hydro project will generate 900 MW of electricity. The Government of Nepal awarded the project to GMR Upper Karnali Hydro Power Limited (GUKHL). GUKHL is a subsidiary of GMR Group India, under a Memorandum of Understanding signed in January 2008.

GMR company is developing the project on a build-own-operate-transfer (BOOT) basis. The government of Nepal received 27% free equity in the project, as part of the MoU with GMR. This project has commissioned date on the 2023-2024 financial year.

Arun-3 Hydro Electric Project

Image Source: NS energy

Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam (SJVN) Arun 3 Power Development Company is developing this project. It is located on the Arun River in Sankhuwasabha District, Nepal. The project is an export-oriented project with a power generation capacity of 900 MW. It has a cost estimation of more than $1.6bn. This hydropower plant will produce 4,018.87 million units of electricity a year.

SAPDC is a joint venture of the Government of India and the Government of Himachal Pradesh. SJVN company will operate the power plant for a concession period of 30 years. Then, SAPDC will transfer ownership to the Government of Nepal.

The project will provide 21.9% of free power to Nepal during the concession period. The hydropower plant construction started in May 2018 and completion is scheduled for 2023.

Nagdhunga-Naubise Tunnel Road

Image Source: Himalayantimes

Nagdhunga-Naubise Tunnel Road project will connect Sisnekhola and Basnetchhap. Let us hope, The 2.7 kilometer-long double-lane road will reduce the traffic and time to clear Nagdhunga Pass. This project has a completion date fixed for 2023 April. The Japanese government is providing Rs 16 billion in concessional loans for this project.

Find here all about Hydropower projects running in Nepal..

Budhigandaki Hydropower Project

Budhi Gandaki Hydropower Project is located in the Central/ Western Development region on the Budhi Gandaki River of Nepal. The project was identified during the Gandaki Basin Study in the late ’70s. Then, In 1984, a pre-feasibility study of the project was prepared. The ongoing Feasibility study of the Project has recommended a 1200 Mega Watt capacity plant

Hulaki Rajmarga (Postal Highway)

Image Source: Myrepublica

Hulaki Rajmarga, or Postal Highway, is a 1,792-kilometer road project. It is important not only for east-west connectivity in Terai. But also to build a north-south road network. This project has a cost estimation of Rs 25 billion.

The government of India is providing Rs 8 billion in grants to build this project. But this project has seen an inordinate delay due. The completion date for the project is the fiscal Year 2021/22. After the completion, it will connect 20 districts between Jhapa in the east and Kanchanpur in the west. Moreover, this project includes 125 bridges.

Nepal-China Eco-Industrial Park

Nepal-China Eco-Industrial Park is located in Damak, Jhapa. The area is 1,422.25 hectares and the Catchment Area of 262 km² (At the confluence of Ratwa and Mawa River). The proposed construction period is 3 years (Phase 1). And the period of the analysis is about 30 years (Project life). This project will have various types of Industries such as:

White goods industrial parkTransportation equipment industrial parkTextile and garments industrial park
Food processing industrial parkElectronic information industrial park

Moreover, it has also supporting industries such as Logistics parks and Scientific and technical innovation and training parks.

These are the ongoing mega projects in Nepal.

In The End

As some projects or mega projects are not complete as per schedule commenced date in Nepal. Factors that affect projects are:

Political instability
The un-performance of the contractor
Lack of policy, support, monitoring, and funding from Nepal Government
Covid 19 pandemic, Natural disaster, and many others

Thus, solving these problems will definitely boost up the development of works in Nepal.

Thank you for reading. I hope after reading this article you got to know ongoing mega projects in Nepal. If, you find this article helpful, please like and share this article. Stay safe.