Local technology is the traditional technology, that people use for assisting their daily life. We have been using these technologies, then and now in Nepal. We can see most of the rural areas of Nepal, have been using these technologies now too. Today, in this article we will discuss the local and traditional technologies of Nepal.
Before We Begin
Local technology, help make our work easier with less effort. They are reliable and cheap because they comprise local resources, skills, and knowledge. Along with that, they are environmentally friendly too. Here we are with the list of local and traditional technologies of Nepal.
Here is the List of Local and Traditional Technologies of Nepal
The local and traditional technologies of Nepal are creating employment opportunities at the local level. Moreover, these technologies are the ideas and bases for today’s modern technologies. Nepal is an agricultural country. Therefore, we use most of these technologies and tools in agriculture in Nepal. So, now without delay, let us move on to the list.
Dhiki for Grinding
Dhiki is a traditional grinding machine. People use it for beating rice, millet, and wheat. It comprises woods. This works in principle, similar to the seesaw or lever. In which applying force on one side will lift the other side and vice versa.
In the Dhiki, one side has a short and strong pole attached to it at the bottom to apply pressure to the item being ground. And from another side person applies pressure to it with their leg. On the surface, there is a hole to keep the grinding items.
Jato to Grind
The next traditional technology is Jato. It is a grinding machine made up of stone. Along with that, the wooden handle at the top makes it easier to roll it. We use it for mostly grinding rice, lentils, pulses, maize, wheat, and other grains.
Jato consists of two rounds of carved stones. The one stone is placed on the floor and the next stone is placed above the bottom part. The bottom stone has a long wooden nail in the center that supports the top part.
And the stone above has two holes, one in the center to insert grains and the other on the side to place a wooden handle (hato) for grinding. While grinding the grains, a person moves jato in a circular motion with the help of the hato by his hand.
Silauto and Lohoro for Grinding
Silauto and lohoro are a pair of grinding stone machines. People use it mostly to make the sauce, paste, grind spices, and pickles. Along with that, we can use it for grinding or crushing the items like cumin, garlic, coriander seeds, mustard seeds, etc.
Silauto is a flat stone. It is used for placing the items for grinding. While another lohoro is a small round, oval stone. We use it to crush the spices that are placed in silauto.
Khal Bachha to Grind
The next on the list is Khal Bachha or Okhal. We use it mostly to crush and grind the spices. While Bachha is large, cylindrical, and thin in shape. And Khal is like a jar. Before, okhal was made up of iron. But today we can find okhal made up of wood, steel, marble, and stone in the market.
Aaran for Making Iron and Steel Tools
Aaran is an oven, which is made on the ground. People use it to sharpen the materials such as a shovel, kuto, kodalo, Axe, Sickles, etc. We need to pump oxygen through an oxygen pumping machine by hand.
This machine helps to burn the coal efficiently. Heating the copper and irons makes them melted and they can be shaped easily.
Tuin for Transportation
Tuin is a local transportation technology. It is a wooden or steel box hung on an iron rope with the help of a pulley. Two pillars at the end support it. Pulling the iron rope makes the box move. We see Tuins, mostly in the river with no bridge for transportation.
Pottery to Make Pots
People use Pottery to make pots from clay. In Pottery, we mix Clay properly and place it in a wooden circle. This pottery has a small hole in the middle of the circle in which an iron rod is inserted. We roll the wooden circle with clay by hand, which gives the pot a proper shape.
Pani Ghatta for Grinding
Pani Ghatta is a Water grinding mill. It is operated from water energy. The mill moves the stone plate with the force of the flow of water. The Force of the water makes the stone plate rolls. We need to insert grains in between the stone plate to grind them.
Madani and Theki to Seperate Fat from Milk
Another our local technology is Theki and Madani. These are made up of wood and are usually used to store milk fat, and make butter. Along with that, we also use it for making buttermilk. The “Theki” is a vessel, whereas the “Madani” is a thick stick with turbines at one end.
We keep Theki along with the pillar and tie Madani with the pillar using one rope. Then, another rope is wrapped around spirally, when we pull the one end of the rope Madani rotates and milk fat is separated that is in Theki.
Gagri and Ghaito to Carry and Store Water
Gagri and Ghaito are the vessels that we use in Nepal. People use these vessels to store or carry water. Gagri is long and slender whereas Ghaito is more round and curvy.
Generally, the Gagri is made up of metal and the Ghaito is made up of clay. These days we can find Gagri and Ghaito in many designs and sizes.
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Dalo and Doko for Carry and Store Goods
Dalo and Dhoko are traditional bamboo baskets. We use them mostly to store or carry items like rice, maize, pulses, or other good. They are available in different shapes and sizes.
These bamboo baskets are mostly “kind of” half oval shape. They have four corners supporting the structure at the base for easy grip.
Sukul a Mat
Sukul is a type of traditional mat. While it is rectangular, made up of hay (PARAL). Since it comprises a biodegradable thing i.e. Hay, it is cheap, reliable, and eco-friendly as well.
Chulo a Stove
Chulo is a traditional and local stove. Cooking in a chulo requires wood, coal, dung, etc. It is made of mud and iron rods or sticks give it support. It has two holes.
We keep the woods in the hole that is in the base. And in the upper hole, we keep the utensils. People use a hollow metal or wooden pipe (Dhungro) to blow to light up the fire.
Kol to Produce Oil
Kol is a traditional mill. People use it to crush oilseed like mustard, sesame, etc. Two wooden planks in this technology press the mustard to produce oil.
Nanglo to Remove Unwanted Particles
We use Nanglo to separate unwanted particles from rice, dal, beans, and other cereals. It comprises bamboo. Winnowing is a technique of using Nanglo while separating dust particles.
Bel Gadi or Ladiya for Transportation
Bel Gadi or Ladiya or Bullock cart is a traditional transportation technology. Ox, horse, or bull pulls the cart. The cart in it carries people or goods for transportation.
Mandro for Drying Grains
Mandro is a traditional technology. We use it to dry the grains in the heat of the sun. Along with that, we also use it for the storage of important seeds. It is made up of bamboo. It is rectangular and flat.
Halo and Juwa for Plowing Land
The next traditional technology on our list we have is Halo and Juwa. Halo and Juwa are used to plow the land. While Halo is entirely made up of wood. Along with that, it has an iron plowing tip that digs the land.
And Juwa is the tool that ties two oxen, bulls, or buffalos in a pair. Ox, bull, or buffalo pull the Halo (digger) and Hali (the person who plows the land) plows the land.
These are the local and traditional technologies of Nepal.
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