2020 was definitely a year to remember. The world faced the worldwide pandemic of COVID-19. Definitely, we faced a lot of problems. Moreover, not long ago, LOCKDOWN was a rarely used word. Now, nationwide lockdown is a common thing in many countries. Hopefully, after much researches and studies, a preventive vaccine against COVID-19 is out now. Today, in this article you will find information about the availability of COVID-19 vaccines in Nepal.
Many vaccines for COVID-19 are in different phases of development, and some of them are approved too for use. The vaccination process has started in Nepal as well. Here, you will find information about the types of vaccines available in Nepal.
Before we begin,
Sadly, coronavirus has been a disaster for the world. On the other hand, many countries are developing vaccines and preventive medicines for COVID-19. We hope these vaccines and medications will help to control this COVID-19 pandemic.
Currently, vaccines are in different stages of development all over the world. Some are in the clinical phase and some are approved for trials and limited use. Many countries are giving approvals for using some vaccines, and some are approved for emergency use.
At present, Nepal is suffering from the second wave of the COVID-19. The new variant of COVID-19 has affected the whole country. As a result, there is a nationwide lockdown to break the chain of Coronavirus cases. As well as that, Nepal is also running a vaccination campaign to immunize people against COVID-19.
Available COVID-19 Vaccine in Nepal
SARS-CoV-2 VACCINE (VERO CELL) INACTIVATED
Nepal government has granted permission for the Emergency Use Authorization of COVID-19 Vaccine (VERO CELL), INACTIVATED vaccine. It is manufactured by Beijing Institute of Biological Products Co., Ltd. (BIBP), China under Sinopharm against COVID-19 in Nepal as per the departmental decision dated 16th Feb 2021.
Nepal Government is using this vaccine to vaccinate people of the age group 18 to 69 years.
|Name of the Product||SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine (Vero Cell), Inactivated|
|Name of manufacturer||Beijing Institute of Biological Products Co., Ltd. (BIBP), China under Sinopharm|
|Dosage form||Solution for injection Each 0.5 ml vaccine contains 6.5 U of inactivated SARS-CoV-2 antigen Route of Administration: Intramuscular|
|Composition||Each dose of 0.5 ml of vaccine contains|
Disodium hydrogen phosphate, sodium chloride, sodium dihydrogen phosphate, Aluminum hydroxide
Whole VIRION Inactivated Coronavirus Vaccine, (BBV152) COVAXINTM
Another vaccine that is available in Nepal is Whole Virion Inactivated Corona Virus Vaccine, (BBV152) COVAXINTM vaccine from India. Nepal has vaccinated the first-line workers, health workers, security personnel, parliamentarians, and people age 65 and above with this vaccine.
Nepal government has granted permission for Emergency Use Authorization of Whole-Virion inactivated SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine (BBV152) (COVAXINTM) vaccine. It is manufactured by Bharat Biotech International Limited, Hyderabad, Telangana, India, against COVID-19 in Nepal as per the departmental decision dated 19th Mar 2021.
|Name of Product||Whole VIRION Inactivated Corona Virus Vaccine, (BBV152) COVAXINTM|
|Dosage Form||Suspension for injection Presentation: Single-dose Glass vial (0.5 ml) Route of Administration: Intramuscular|
|Composition||Each dose of 0.5 ml of vaccine contains:|
|Active Ingredients||Whole Virion, Inactivated Corona Virus Antigen 6 mg|
|Inactive Ingredient||Aluminum Hydroxide gel equivalent to Al’ 250 mcg|
TLR 7/8 Agonist 250 mcg
2-Phenoxyethanol (2PE) I.P. 2.5 mg
Phosphate Buffered Saline
Q.S. to 0.5 mL
|Indication||For active immunization against Corona Virus Disease (COVID19) for age >18 years when administered in two doses interval of day 0 & day 28.|
|Shelf life with storage condition:||6 months when stored at 2 to 8 °C|
Apart from these two another vaccine named SPUTNIK V will be available in Nepal soon.
SPUTNIK V | COVID-19 Vaccine in Nepal (Available Soon)
Sputnik V vaccine is not in use in Nepal right now. Nepal’s government has already approved it on 20th April 2021. According to the Ministry of Health and Population Nepal, the Nepal government has granted permission for Emergency Use Authorization of Gam-COVID-Vac Combination vector vaccine (Sputnik V) from Russia.
Gamaleya National Research Center of Epidemiology and Microbiology of the Ministry of Health, Russia has developed this vaccine under production unit JSC GENERIUM.
|Name of Product||Gam-COVID-Vac Combination vector vaccine to prevent corona viral infection caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus (Sputnik V)|
|Dosage Form||Solution for intramuscular injection Presentation: 3m1 vial – 5 doses 0.5mVdose |
Dosing: Component 1-0.5 ml/dose + Component H-0.5 mI/dose
Route of Administration: Intramuscular
|Composition||Each dose of vaccine contains|
Serotype 26 recombinant adenovirus particles containing SARS-CoV-2 protein S gene (1.0±0.5) x10” particles, excipients (tris- (hydroxymethyl)- Aminomethane-1.21mg, sodium chloride-2.19mg, sucrose-25.0mg, Polysorbate 80-250pg, magnesium chloride hexahydrate-102.0µg, EDTA disodium Salt dihydrate-19.0µg, ethanol 95% – 2.5pL, water for injections up to 0.5mL.
Serotype 5 recombinant adenovirus particles containing SARS-CoV-2 Protein S Gen (1.0-10.5) x loll particles, excipients (friss (hydroxymethyl-am inomethane-1.21mg, sodium chloride-2.19111g, sucrose-25.0mg, polysorbate 80-250pg, Magnesium Chloride Hexahydrate-102.0µg, EDTA disodium salt dihydrate-19.0µg, ethanol 95% -2.5pL, water for injections up to 0.5 ml
|Indication:||For active immunization against Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) in adults over 18 years.|
|Shelf Life with Storage Condition:||2 months|
Do not use beyond the shelf life
Store in a dark place at a temperature of 2-8°C
On the End Note…
In conclusion, these were the available COVID-19 vaccine in Nepal. Vero Cell from China and BBV152 COVAXINTMvaccine from India are the two vaccines that are available in Nepal now. Moreover, Nepal Government has also approved the use of the Sputnik V vaccine from Russia which will be available in Nepal soon.
We are hopeful that these vaccines will turn out to be effective worldwide and the pandemic will be in control soon.
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Thank you for your time. Stay safe everyone.
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