Nepal is a country full of medicinal herbs and shrubs. Because of the diverse climatic conditions of Nepal, many types of medical herbs are available. Nepal has significant variation in altitude ranging from 67 meters in southeastern Terai to the tallest mountain on earth, Mt Everest, measuring 8,848 meters. This gives Nepal a remarkable variety of its flora and fauna resources. Today, in this article we have prepared a list of the best medicinal plants found in Nepal.
Nepal has 35 different types of forests and 118 different ecosystems. Most of the high-value medicinal herbs are available in northern Nepal. In Nepal, we use these herbs in Ayurveda medicine and also as home remedies. Nepal is one of the popular countries with medicinal herbs, shrubs, or trees. Our medicinal plants are useful for the treatment of various medical conditions. Moreover, medicinal herbs and plants come under one of the top export products of Nepal. So, now let us look at the best medicinal plants found in Nepal.
Best Medicinal Plants Found In Nepal
These days too, we first try home remedies instead of going to the doctor for a checkup, if we have any of the medical conditions. If medicinal herbs in our home don’t heal us, only after we choose hospitals and doctors for option. Thus, here below are the best medicinal herbs found in Nepal.
Amala- Nepali Medicinal Plant
Amala is one of those medicinal herbs with many benefits. Its scientific name is Phyllanthus Emblica. Amala has other names like Emblic, Emblic myrobalan, myrobalan, Indian gooseberry, Malacca tree, or Amla, from the Sanskrit Amalaki. Amala belongs to the deciduous tree of the family Phyllanthaceae.
Amla is rich in Vitamin C which makes it one of the nutritious fruits. We can eat this fruit, raw or cooked in various dishes. Moreover, amala is also used for making hair oil and shampoos.
Gurjo – A Medicinal Herb from Nepal
Tinospora Sinensis is known as the Gurjo in Nepal. Gurjo is one of the widely used medicinal herbs in Nepal used for various medicinal purposes. It is also known as heart-leaved moonseed, Guduchi, or Giloy. It is a herbaceous vine of the family Menispermaceae, indigenous to tropical regions of the Indian subcontinent.
In Nepal, Gurjo was used for centuries to treat various medical disorders such as rheumatism and other ailments.
Kachur – Curcuma Zedoria
Kachur or Curcuma Zedoaria is a perennial herb. It is one of the important medicinal herbs found in Nepal. Its dried rhizomes are popular in treatment for various medicinal properties.
Kachur helps in improving appetite by maintaining digestive functions and enhancing metabolism.
Jhyau – Lichen Species Medicinal Herb
Lichen or Jhyau is a medicinal herb found in the Nepalese hilly regions. The extract and decoction of Jhyau is Lichen or Jhyau’s extract and decoction are applied to treat moles. Likewise, the paste is used as an ointment and antibiotic for cuts and wounds.
Dalchini – A Medicinal Herb and A Traditional Spice
Dalchini or Indian Bay leaf is a popular medicinal herb found in Nepal. Its scientific name is Cinnamomum Tamala. It is also known with other names like Tejpat, Tez Patta, Malabar leaf, Indian bark, Indian Cassia, or Malabathrum. It is a tree from the family Lauraceae that is native to India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and China.
Daalchini is not only used as a medicine but also as a traditional spice. They are commonly used for culinary and medicinal purposes.
Chutro – A Medicinal Herb from the Hills of Nepal
Chutro is an evergreen Shrub growing to 3.5 m (11ft 6in) at a medium rate. It is one of the medicinal herbs found in the hills of Nepal. It is widely used in rural areas as a go-to medicine for treating different medical conditions.
The roots are used in treating ulcers, urethral discharges, ophthalmia, jaundice, fevers, etc.
Chiraito – Swertia Chirayita
Swertia Chirayita is a medicinal herb found in Nepal which is mostly used for treating skin diseases. It is commonly known as Chiraito in Nepal.
It is a bitter tonic, with other properties such as carminative, laxative, antipyretic, febrifuge, and anti-periodic features. Also, the other medicinal properties like anti-inflammatory, stomachic, and anti-helminthic make Chiraito a widely used medicinal herb in Nepal. It is mostly used for treating piles, skin diseases, ulcers, and diabetes.
Asuro – Justicia Adhaloda
Asuro is a medicinal herb that is which is commonly known as Malabar nut. Its scientific name is Justicia Adhaloda.
It helps in the following conditions cold, coryza, cough, and in the first stage of Phthisis. Asuro is a medicinal plant native to Asia, widely used in Siddha Medicine, Ayurvedic, homeopathy, and Unani systems of medicine.
Datiwan is a medicinal herb for toothache and other dental problems. Earlier, Datiwan’s young branch and twig were used as toothbrushes as well. Moreover, Datiwan has some religious importance as well. Nepalese people use Datiwan in one of the major festivals, Teej.
Moreover, the infusion of the twigs is also useful to get relief toothache. Datiwan is available in forests, cultivated fields, and shady places of Mirmi, and Chaubas.
Dhatura – Datura Metel
Datura is found in many tropical, subtropical, and even temperate regions of India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, the USA, and Europe & Africa.
It contains varieties of toxic alkaloids such as atropine, hyoscyamine, and scopolamine. Thus, people use it for curing various ailments, including wounds, inflammation, rheumatism, sciatica, swellings, fever, and asthma.
Ghuikumari – Aloe Vera, An All-Rounder Medicinal Herb
Aloe Vera is an evergreen perennial. It is originally from the Arabian Peninsula and grows wild in tropical, semi-tropical, and arid climates around the world. Aloe Vera is cultivated for commercial products, mainly as a topical treatment used over centuries. It is useful for skin treatment, Heals burns, Improves digestive health, promotes oral health, clears acne, etc.
Gujargano – Cissampelos Pareira
Gujargano is a species of flowering plant in the family Menispermaceae. It is useful in the treatment of Sleeplessness, wickedness, gastritis.
Tulasi is an aromatic perennial plant. In Nepal, people use it for the treatment of Common colds, fever, asthma, ear pain, headache, blood purifier, to control sugar, to make tea. Likewise, Tulasi also has religious importance in the Nepalese culture as well.
Harro – Terminalia Chebula
Harro is useful in Cough, constipation, jaundice, stone & theca problem, high blood pressure.
Gurjo -Tinospora Sinensis
Tinospora Cordifolia is a shrub that is native to India and Nepal. Its root stems and leaves are useful in the treatment of diseases such as jaundice, constipation, etc.
Pkahanbed is useful for cuts & wounds, diarrhea, stone, urinary problem, anthelmintics, fever, etc.
Tejpat – Indian Bay Leaf -Cinnamomum Tamala
Tejpat is one of the important ingredients in Nepalese and Indian cuisine. We can use Tejpat as a flavouring agent, stomachache, stimulant, etc.
Timur is one of the popular medicinal shrubs, widely used in Nepal for Gastritis, toothache, fever, etc.
Yarshagumba is one of the most expensive medical herbs available in Nepal Himalayas at higher altitudes. This caterpillar fungus is popular for its ability to increase energy and vitality, strengthen lungs and kidneys, treat cancer and asthma, and, perhaps most famously, cure impotence and boost libido.
In Nepal, We commonly use Barro for Cough, gastritis, fever, skin problem, stimulant, diarrhea, etc.
Jatamansi – Nardostachys Grandidora
Jatamansi is a small perennial, rhizomatous herb. It grows on steep, moist, rocky, undisturbed grassy slopes of India, Nepal, China, and Bhutan, from 2300 m to 6000 m above sea level. In Nepal, people have been using it traditionally for the treatment of a wide range of disorders, which include the digestive system, circulatory system, nervous system, respiratory system, urinary system, reproductive system, and skin diseases.
Bojho – Acorus Calamus
Bojho is a medicinal herb that we can use for cold & cough, toothache, insecticide, anthelmintic, rheumatism, etc.
Aank Bhuwa – Calotropis Gigantea
We can use Aank bhuwa for Scorpion bites, crack, asthma, nasal catarrh cough, dysentery, skin diseases, etc.
These medicinal herbs, shrubs, and trees are useful in Ayurveda and as well as for home remedies. If we can promote these medicinal herbs, it will help in our economic development. Moreover, it will also solve the problem of unemployment.
Thus, if we can attract youths and new entrepreneurs to do more research about the medicinal plants found in Nepal and take it to a commercial level. business, then definitely our country will lead to success.
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